ROCHELLE, LA

ROCHELLE, LA
ROCHELLE, LA, capital of the department of Charente-Maritime, W. France. The presence of Jews in La Rochelle is mentioned from the first half of the 13th century. The expulsion planned by alphonse of Poitiers in 1249 does not appear to have been carried out; in 1251 a Jew, Haquot, who had been banished for personal reasons, was recalled to La Rochelle from Bordeaux. The Jews were definitely expelled from La Rochelle in 1291. The medieval community occupied the Rue des Juifs, later known as Rue de l'Evêché. The apostate nicholas donin , who instigated the campaign against the Talmud, originated from La Rochelle. It was here also that manasseh ben israel was born, his parents having stayed in the town after fleeing from Portugal. From the beginning of the 18th century, the Lameira family, originally from Portugal, lived in La Rochelle; it maintained connections with the Sephardi community of Bordeaux, whose mohel served La Rochelle. During World War II Jewish property was confiscated. The Jewish community in La Rochelle numbered approximately 200 in 1969. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Gross, Gal Jud, 312f.; A. Barbot, Histoire de La Rochelle, 1 (1886), 107f.; L. Cardozo de Bethencourt, in: REJ, 20 (1890), 289ff.; Z. Szajkowski, Analytical Franco-Jewish Gazetteer (1966), 173. (Bernhard Blumenkranz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Rochelle — ist der Name folgender Orte in den USA: Rochelle (Florida) Rochelle (Georgia) Rochelle (Illinois) Rochelle (Texas) New Rochelle La Rochelle ist der Name folgender administrativer Objekte in Frankreich: La Rochelle, Stadt im französischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ROCHELLE (LA) — ROCHELLE LA La première mention écrite de La Rochelle (Rupella ou Rochella) date du début du XIe siècle. La ruine du port de Châtelaillon favorise son développement. Son essor est lié à l’exportation du vin et du sel vers l’Angleterre, la Flandre …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rochelle — Rochelle, GA U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 1415 Housing Units (2000): 642 Land area (2000): 1.875807 sq. miles (4.858318 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.875807 sq. miles (4.858318 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Rochelle — Ro*chelle , n. A seaport town in France. [1913 Webster] {Rochelle powders}. Same as {Seidlitz powders}. {Rochelle salt} (Chem.), the double tartrate of sodium and potassium, a white crystalline substance. It has a cooling, saline, slightly bitter …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rochelle, GA — U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 1415 Housing Units (2000): 642 Land area (2000): 1.875807 sq. miles (4.858318 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.875807 sq. miles (4.858318 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Rochelle, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 9424 Housing Units (2000): 3895 Land area (2000): 7.474076 sq. miles (19.357767 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.022830 sq. miles (0.059130 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.496906 sq. miles (19.416897 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Rochelle, La — (spr. schäl ), Hauptstadt des franz. Depart. Niedercharente, an einer Bai des durch die Inseln Ré und Oleron gebildeten Golfes Pertuis d Antioche des Atlantischen Ozeans, an dem nach Marans zur Sèvre führenden Kanal und an den Staatsbahnlinien… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rochelle — f U.S., French, and English: either a feminine diminutive form of Roch (see ROCCO (SEE Rocco)), or else derived from the French fishing port of La Rochelle on the Atlantic coast, which was a stronghold of Protestantism in the 16th and 17th… …   First names dictionary

  • Rochelle — Rochelle,   La [ rɔ ʃɛl], Stadt in Frankreich, La Rochelle …   Universal-Lexikon

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